On 1 January 1810, Lachlan Macquarie was sworn in as the fifth governor of New South Wales. His appointment ushered in a remarkable era of development in the British Empire’s remotest outpost.
Under Macquarie, Sydney was endowed with many of its finest Georgian buildings, among them the Hyde Park Barracks, Supreme Court and ‘Rum’ Hospital.
Built with the aid of convict architect Francis Greenway, these edifices are the most obvious legacy of his tenure. But Macquarie’s agenda was not simply architectural. As Warwick Hirst, Curator, The Governor: Lachlan Macquarie 1810 to 1821 recently noted:
“In striving to accelerate the development of New South Wales from a penal outpost to a thriving imperial colony, (he) encouraged exploration, founded new towns, stimulated trade and commerce, provided opportunities for emancipists, promoted education and social welfare and laid the foundations of financial stability.”
In 2010, The Perth Mint marked the 200th anniversary of the commencement of Macquarie’s important Governorship. Struck from 1oz of 99.9% pure silver in proof quality, this magnificent tribute coin, portrays a design featuring:
- Sydney Hospital
- A representation of an 1817 dispatch in which Macquarie urged the formal adoption of the name ‘Australia’.
Click here for more details of this coin.